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Articles from Aids To Forensic Medicine And Toxicology

Action Of Poisons; Classification Of Poisons

Arsenic And Its Preparations

Blackmailing

Poisonous Fungi And Toxic Foods

Belladonna Hyoscyamus And Stramonium

Vegetable Irritants

Personal Identity

Delivery

Incised Wounds And Those Accompanied By Solution Of Continuity

The Mineral Acids


Cantharides





=Cantharides.=--Spanish fly, or blistering beetle, is the basis of most
of the blistering preparations. It is sometimes taken as an
abortifacient or given as an aphrodisiac, but whether it has any such
action is open to question. It acts as an irritant to the kidneys and
bladder, and sometimes produces haśmaturia and a good deal of temporary
discomfort.

Symptoms.--Burning sensation in the throat and stomach, with
salivation, pain and difficulty in swallowing. Vomiting of mucus mixed
with blood. Tenesmus, diarrhoea, the motions containing blood and mucus.
Dysuria, with passage of small amounts of albuminous and bloody urine.
Peritonitis, high temperature, quick pulse, headache, loss of
sensibility, and convulsions.

Post-Mortem.--Gastro-intestinal mucous membrane inflamed, with
gangrenous patches. Genito-urinary tract inflamed. Acute nephritis.

Treatment.--An emetic of apomorphine; demulcent drinks, such as
barley-water, white of egg and water, linseed-tea and gruel (but not
oils), with a hypodermic injection of morphine to allay pain.

Tests.--The vomited matter often contains shining particles of the
powder. The urine will probably be albuminous.





Next: Abortifacients

Previous: Nux Vomica Strychnine And Brucine



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