Informational Site NetworkInformational Site Network
Privacy
 
   Home - Forensic Medicine - Toxicology

Articles from Aids To Forensic Medicine And Toxicology

Presumption Of Death; Survivorship

Chloral Hydrate

Modes Of Sudden Death

Belladonna Hyoscyamus And Stramonium

Abortifacients

Personal Identity

Incised Wounds And Those Accompanied By Solution Of Continuity

Poisonous Fungi And Toxic Foods

The Mineral Acids

Mental Unsoundness


Chloral Hydrate





It was formerly largely used as a hypnotic, and many fatal consequences
ensued. It is prepared from alcohol and chlorine.

Symptoms.--Deep sleep, loss of muscular power, diminished or abolished
reflex action and sensibility, followed by loss of consciousness and
marked fall of temperature. Pulse may become quick, and face flushed or
livid and bloated. Prolonged use of this drug may produce a peculiar
eruption on the skin. Supposed to act in the blood by being decomposed
into chloroform and sodium formate. Its effects are due chiefly to
depression of the central nervous system, the medulla being the last
part of the nervous system to be attacked.

Method of Extraction from the Stomach.--By distillation in strongly
alkaline solutions, when it may be obtained as chloroform and tested as
such.

Treatment.--Stomach-tube or emetic. Hypodermic injections of
strychnine. Keep patient warm, and inject a pint of hot strong coffee
into the rectum. Nitrite of amyl and artificial respiration.

Tests.--Heated with caustic potash, it yields chloroform and potassium
formate. The chloroform is readily recognized by its odour, and, if the
solution be concentrated, by separating as a heavy layer at the bottom
of the test-tube.





Next: Petroleum And Paraffin-oil

Previous: Alcohol Ether And Chloroform



Add to Informational Site Network
Report
Privacy
ADD TO EBOOK


Viewed 6186